History DIMVA 2022 will take place in Cagliari, Italy, organized by University of Cagliari.
Cagliari is the most important city of Sardinia, with a metropolitan area of about half a million inhabitants.
Founded in the Neolithic age (6000-3000 B.C.), only many centuries later, Cagliari became an authentic city, thanks to the Phoenician-Punics dominators, which took advantage from its central position in the Mediterranean sea, they turned Cagliari into a bustling commercial port. After the first Punic war (III century B.C.) Cagliari passed under the heel of Rome, and it still preserves important findings and ruins of the domination, such as the Roman Amphitheatre and Tigellio’s villa.
With the advent of Christianity, Cagliari came in contact with religious personages like S.Agostino, but under Vandal people a period of decline started and lasted until the Byzantine Empire, characterized by the birth of Giudicati (IX-X centuries A.D.), a form of self-government, lead by the King also supreme Magistrate (Judex sive Rex) independent from the Empires and the Church’s dominions, that granted the island a relative political independence and autonomy. In the XIII century, in conjunction with the decline of the Cagliari’s “Giudicato”, came the Pisans, that fortified the upper part of the town, with a complex system of ramparts, buttresses, forts and towers still visible in Castello, Stampace, Marina and Villanova districts. Less than a century later, in 1324 the rule passed to the Aragonese, that along with the Catalans, with the political union gave birth to the Spanish Government, an administration that caused much resentment among the people.
A major change occurred in 1717, with the treaty of Utrecht, after the Spanish war of Succession. After a weak and short austrian rule attempt, Cagliari and Sardinia, was the Savoia house-hold to arise to the sardinian throne. With the Piedmontese administration, Cagliari started an era of urban development and renewal, that gradually modified the status of the city from “fortified stronghold” to a modern planning layout, which involved many useful public works.
After WWII, Cagliari faced a new life: around the primogenial urban settlement a new city started to develop, that in a 20 years time-span, from 1951 to 1971, doubled the number of dwellings, attracting the population from the nearby areas, as well as laying the foundations of the contemporary metropolitan area.
Today Cagliari appears like a complex city, with a heritage of great importance as well as a modern personality, coherently to a capital that developed, with time going by, in harmony with the surrounding area, being a pivotal part of it.
Monuments and Museums
The oldest part of Cagliari is the medieval quarter of “Castello” (the castle). It is built on top of the highest hill, just in front of the harbor, it is surrounded by several bastion walls, and guarded by two towers. A stroll through this quarter allows you to view a large number of monuments and museums including: the Saint Remy Ramparts, the St. Pancrazio Tower, the Roman Amphitheatre, the beautiful Viceroy’s Palace, the Lion’s Gate, the Neorman Saint Mary’s Cathedral dating back to the thirteenth century, National Museum of Archaeology, the National Art Gallery, the Museum Complex and the Centre for Art and Culture – Il Ghetto.
The University of Cagliari, Sardinia was founded in 1606 and took great influence from Spanish universities. It started off with just 5 majors: theology, law, medicine, philosophy and art and today it consists of 16 departments with 44 undergraduate degree fields of study and 41 masters programs including history, economic sciences, food and nutrition and math.
The conference will be held in the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of the University of Cagliari, Italy
The campus has two main entrances, one in Via Is Maglias 196, the closest to the Conference venue, the other in Via Marengo 2.