Executive Summary

SUPREME is a project funded under the EU ERANET-MED program. It aims at favoring the set up of a sustainable agricultural production frame, addressing vulnerable communities living in semi-arid and arid areas in the Mediterranean. The project objective is to combat soil impoverishment and to reduce the use of water, fertilizers,
and pesticides by means of microbiome potential to stabilize soil and promote plant growth under adverse conditions.

This project addresses local communities distributed over 6 different areas of the Mediterranean (Italy, Jordania, Cyprus, Greece, Tunisia, and Algeria) that have been increasingly challenged by water scarcity and by low agricultural productivity due to the scarce bio-geochemical functions of soils. Stakeholders have underlined that a change in soil management (e.g. in the direction of organic agriculture) needs to take place to ensure sustainability. Different soils and crops (tomatoes, sunflowers, onions, legumes such as faba beans and vetch, barely, wheat or high biomass leading grasses like sorghum, health crops and cereals as konjac, orchidaceae, amaranth and quinoa) will be considered in the test sites.
The project’s scope will be achieved through integration of state-of-the-art biotechnologies and leading edge characterization, monitoring and modeling tools, accessed through an innovative, interactive web-based observation system.
The outreach strategy of SUPREME is to create a co-production frame between researchers, farmers and policy makers, which aims at bridging the gap between research, real needs and policy aims.